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Today Almaty is the largest economic center of Kazakhstan. Being the largest and most developed megacity of the Central Asian region, Almaty was formed as a center of representation of international organizations, financial institutions and major companies. Significant potential for international cooperation is opening up within the framework of the Eurasian economic Union and the world trade organization.

GRP of Almaty for 2019 amounted to 5 358.7 billion tenge (the share of GRP of the region in the GRP of Kazakhstan was 19.2%). Among the regions of Kazakhstan in terms of GRP Almaty is on the 2nd place.

Main branches of economy

Trade

Dry port SEZ "Khorgos-East gate"

Transnational corridor "Western Europe-Western China"

Entering the market of international retailers

Sales growth and the emergence of new

types of trade enterprises

The city has 131 shopping centers and houses, 29 large retail chains

Tourism

There Are 867 travel agencies

160 hotels, 16 museums, 16 theatres, 25 cinemas, two variety theatres

Many historical and cultural monuments, one reserve and four national parks in the vicinity of the city

10 theme parks, 12 of the Spa facilities and much more

4 world heritage of UNESCO in Almaty and Almaty region (the Tamgaly petroglyphs, ancient settlements of Kayalyk, karamergen and Talhiz)

Almaty was included in the UNESCO network of creative cities

Every 2nd foreign guest of Kazakhstan visits Almaty

New information technologies and software tools are used in the sphere of hotel and restaurant business


Growth rates of economic sectors

Industry
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

100,2

Construction
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

106,1

Transport
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

95,1

Agriculture
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

82,3

Trade
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

98,7

Communication
(January-March 2020 to January-March 2019,%)

111,0

Source: stat.gov.kz

Despite the fact that Almaty does not have a resource base, this region is a major center for the development of industry and trade. According to statistical data, 124,280 enterprises are registered in the city, of which 561 are large and 1,165 are medium, 122,554 are small. More information can be found in the "Markets" section.

In January-December 2019 Almaty city produced industrial products (including the household sector) at current prices of 957.1 billion tenge, which is compared to the level of 2018. amounted to 104.5%. In the manufacturing industry, products worth 758.5 ​​billion tenge were produced, the index of physical volume compared to 2018. amounted to 105.3%. The growth in industrial production is observed in the production of beverages, basic pharmaceutical products and the metallurgical industry. In power supply, gas, steam and air conditioning, the volume of manufactured products and rendered industrial services amounted to 171.3 billion tenge or 17.9% of the city's production volume. Volume index to the level of 2018 amounted to 100.1%. During the reporting period, 3250.4 million kW were generated for the needs of the city. hours of electricity, which is the level of 2018. amounted to 99.6%; accordingly, 7946.6 thousand Gcal (93%) was supplied with thermal energy, 244 million cubic meters of natural water was extracted and distributed. meters (108.6%).

Structure of industrial production of Almaty by types of economic activity in January-December 2019

Type of activity

Volume of production of industrial products (goods, services),thousand tenge

The index of the physical volume of production, in %

Manufacturing industry

  • Food Production

758 473 726

218 317 209

105,3

Beverage industry

58 393 152

108,2

Light industry

12 081 842

98,5

Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products

8 498 930

113,2

Production of basic pharmaceutical products

19 533 944

158,5

Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

32 804 628

79,0

Production of other non metallic mineral products

54 347 072

107,7

Metallurgical industry

110 799 231

118,3

Manufacture of finished metal products, except machinery and equipment

28 122 576

93,3

Engineering

125 891 959

102,3

Furniture production

12 078 154

105,1

Power supply, gas supply, steam and air conditioning

171 326 787

100,1

Water supply; Sewerage system, control over waste collection and distribution

27 330 872

128,8

Industry-total

1 419 682 873

100,0

Source: stat.gov.kz

In 2019, the specified sown area of ​​crops in the city as a whole amounted to 495.1 hectares, which is 1.4% less than in the previous year. The harvested area of ​​cereals (including rice) and legumes amounted to 98.8 hectares, open field vegetables - 202.3 hectares, potatoes - 108.3 hectares. The gross harvest of cereals (including rice) and legumes in weight after refinement decreased by 30.9% compared to the level of 2018 and amounted to 1802 centners. Gross harvest of potatoes increased by 17.1% and amounted to 16766.6 centners, vegetables - by 1.3% and 124955.8 centners. Compared to the level of 2018, the yield of cereals (including rice) and legumes in weight after refinement increased by 48.2% and amounted to 18.2 kg / ha.

Gross harvest of major crops by farm category

Including


agricultural enterprises

households

2019y.

2019y. in %
to 2018y.

2019y.

2019y. in %
to 2018y.

2019y.

2019y. in %
to 2018y.

1 802,0 69,1 1 802,0 122,4 - - Cereals (including rice) and legumes
1 802,0 69,1 1 802,0 122,4 - - Cereals (excluding rice) and legumes
of them:
1 802,0 76,2 1 802,0 122,4 - - winter and spring barley
141 722,4 103,0 79 474,5 104,8 62 247,9 100,7 Vegetables and melons, root crops and tubers
of them:
124 955,8 100,8 77 074,5 101,6 47 881,3 100,8 outdoor and indoor vegetables
including:
47 881,3 100,8 - - 47 881,3 100,8 open field vegetables
77 074,5 101,6 77 074,5 101,6 - - greenhouse vegetables
16 766,6 117,1 2 400,0 - 14 366,6 100,3 potatoes
2 734,1 100,1 - - 2 734,1 100,1 Grape
16 653,8 100,5 - - 16 653,8 100,5 Pome fruits and stone fruits
2 443,7 90,8 - - 2 443,7 90,8 Fruits of berry crops
191,6 100,2 - - 191,6 100,2 Nuts
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