Information about the region

Almaty is a city of Republican significance and the largest settlement of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the former capital of Kazakhstan (before 1997), the Kazakh SSR (within the USSR), the Kazakh ASSR (within the RSFSR).

Almaty today is the largest metropolis of Kazakhstan, scientific, educational, cultural, historical, financial, economic, banking and industrial center of the country.

Almaty city is located in the South-East of Kazakhstan, at the foot of the northernmost ridge of the Tien Shan-the TRANS-ili Alatau. In Almaty, the birthplace of the famous Apple variety "Almaty Aport", more than eight thousand hectares of the city territory are occupied by gardens and parks, squares and boulevards.

Already in the vicinity of Almaty begins Ile-Alatau national Park, on the territory of which the reserve and nature reserves are organized.

In 1997, by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, the capital of the country was moved from Almaty to Astana. The following year, on July 1, 1998, the Law on the special status of the city of Almaty was adopted. The city is the most important transport hub of Kazakhstan, there are enterprises of food, light and heavy industry. The head offices of the largest banks of Kazakhstan and branches of transnational financial institutions and companies are located in Almaty.

At the beginning of the third Millennium, large-scale projects are being implemented in Almaty, one of which was the commissioning of the metro in 2011. Almaty subway in 2012 was awarded high awards of the European society for quality research (ESQR) for quality.

Modern Almaty is a recognized world sports center. Such prestigious competitions as "Asian games-2011", world Boxing championship, world Cups in judo and ski jumping, world Grand Prix-2013 stage in volleyball and professional Cycling race "Tour Almaty" have earned international recognition in Almaty.

Almaty hosted the games of the world winter Universiade 2017. By the opening of the Universiade, a sports village, a new ice Palace and many other modern facilities were built in the city.

Currently, the territory of Almaty is divided into 8 districts:

  • Alatau;
  • Almalinsky;
  • Auezovsky;
  • Bostandyk;
  • Medeu;
  • Nauryzbaysky;
  • Turksib;
  • Zhetysu.


682 sq km.

Regional center


Neighboring areas:

In the North-East — East Kazakhstan, in the East — China (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region), in the South — Kyrgyzstan (Chui and Issyk-Kul), in the West-Zhambyl, in the North-West — lake Balkhash (Karaganda).

Climatic conditions

The temperature regime of the city as a whole is much milder than the average in Kazakhstan due to relatively high temperatures in winter. The average annual temperature is +10.0 °C. relative humidity is from 20% in the mountains to 65% in the plains. The average annual rainfall is 600-650 mm.

Key socio-economic indicators

(as of March 1, 2020, thousand people)

1 927,7

(March 2020 to December 2019,%)


Unemployment Rate
(the IV quarter of 2019., %)


(for 9 months of 2019, %)


Average Monthly wage
(IV quarter 2019, tenge)

248 668

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