Information about the region

Information about the region

Almaty is a city of republican significance and the largest settlement of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the former capital of Kazakhstan (until 1997), the Kazakh SSR (as part of the USSR), the Kazakh ASSR (as part of the RSFSR).

Today Almaty is the largest metropolis of Kazakhstan, the scientific, educational, cultural, historical, financial, economic, banking and industrial center of the country.



682 sq. km.


Neighboring regions and countries:

  • the east - China
  • the south - Kyrgyzstan
  • the west - Zhambyl


Climatic conditions

The average annual air temperature is +10.0 °C.
Relative humidity - from 20% to 65%.


Geographical data

The city of Almaty is located in the south-east of Kazakhstan, at the foot of the northernmost ridge of the Tien Shan-the Trans – Ili Alatau. In Almaty, the birthplace of the famous apple variety "Almaty aport", more than eight thousand hectares of the city territory are occupied by gardens and parks, squares and boulevards.

Already in the vicinity of Almaty, the Ile-Alatau National Park begins, on the territory of which a nature reserve and nature reserves are organized.

About the Region

In 1997, by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the capital of the country was moved from Almaty to Astana. The following year, on July 1, 1998, the Law on the special Status of the city of Almaty was adopted. The city is the most important transport hub of Kazakhstan, there are enterprises of food, light and heavy industry operating in it. The special status of the city is also given by the fact that the head offices of the largest banks of Kazakhstan and branches of multinational financial institutions and companies are located in Almaty.

At the beginning of the third millennium, large-scale projects are being implemented in Almaty, one of which was the commissioning of the metro in 2011. In 2012, the Almaty metro was awarded the highest awards of the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) for quality.

Modern Almaty is a recognized world sports center. The holding of such prestigious competitions in Almaty as the "Asian Games-2011", the World Boxing Championship, the stages of the World Cups in judo and ski jumping, the stage of the world "Grand Prix-2013" in volleyball and the professional cycling race "Tour of Almaty"has earned international recognition.

The games of the 2017 World Winter Universiade were held in Almaty. For the opening of the Universiade, a sports village, a new ice palace and many other modern facilities were built in the city.


Population 2141,5

(as of September 1, 2022, thousand people)


GRP 104,2

(January-June 2022 to January-June 2021%)


Inflation 17,3

(September 2022 to September 2021,%)


Average monthly salary 268 463

for the first quarter of 2021, tenge


Unemployment rate 5,0

for 2 quarter of 2022, %

*Excluding small businesses engaged in entrepreneurial activities.

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